• Grade Seven

    The seventh-grade student will continue to develop oral communication skills and will become more knowledgeable of the effects of verbal and nonverbal behaviors in oral communication. The student will continue to read a wide variety of fiction, nonfiction, and poetry while becoming more independent and analytical. The student will continue to refine written composition skills, with special attention to word choice, organization, style, and grammar. Written explanations will utilize informational writing skills. The student will continue vocabulary development through a study of figurative language and continuing study of roots, affixes, and cognates. Knowledge of the informative/persuasive techniques of media messages will be studied. The student will apply research techniques to gather, organize, and communicate information, properly citing sources. The student will also demonstrate correct use of language, spelling, and mechanics by applying grammatical conventions in writing and speaking.


    7.1  The student will participate in and contribute to conversations, group discussions, and oral presentations.

    a)  Communicate ideas and information orally in an organized and succinct manner.

    b)  Ask probing questions to seek elaboration and clarification of ideas.

    c)  Make statements to communicate agreement or tactful disagreement with others’ ideas.

    d)  Use language and style appropriate to audience, topic, and purpose.

    e)  Use a variety of strategies to listen actively.


    7.2  The student will identify and demonstrate the relationship between a speaker’s verbal and nonverbal messages.

    a)  Use verbal communication skills, such as word choice, pitch, feeling, tone, and voice appropriate for the intended audience.

    b)  Use nonverbal communication skills, such as eye contact, posture, and gestures to enhance verbal communication skills.

    c)  Compare/contrast a speaker’s verbal and nonverbal messages.


    7.3  The student will understand the elements of media literacy.

    a)  Identify persuasive/informative techniques used in nonprint media including television, radio, video, and Internet.

    b)  Distinguish between fact and opinion, and between evidence and inference.

    c)  Describe how word choice and visual images convey a viewpoint.

    d)  Compare and contrast the techniques in auditory, visual, and written media messages.

    e)  Craft and publish audience-specific media messages.


    7.4  The student will read to determine the meanings and pronunciations of unfamiliar words and phrases within authentic texts.

    a)  Identify word origins and derivations.

    b)  Use roots, cognates, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms to expand vocabulary.

    c)  Identify and analyze figurative language.

    d)  Identify connotations.

    e)  Use context and sentence structure to determine meanings and differentiate among multiple meanings of words.

    f)  Extend general and specialized vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.


    7.5  The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of a variety of fictional texts, narrative nonfiction, and poetry.

    a)  Describe the elements of narrative structure including setting, character development, plot structure, theme, and conflict.

    b)  Compare and contrast various forms and genres of fictional text.

    c)  Identify conventional elements and characteristics of a variety of genres.

    d)  Describe the impact of word choice, imagery, and literary devices including figurative language.

    e)  Make, confirm, and revise predictions.

    f)  Use prior and background knowledge as a context for new learning.

    g)  Make inferences and draw conclusions based on the text.

    h)  Identify the main idea.

    i)  Summarize text relating supporting details.

    j)  Identify the author’s organizational pattern.

    k)  Identify cause and effect relationships.

    l)  Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.


    7.6  The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of a variety of nonfiction texts.

    a)  Use prior and background knowledge as a context for new learning.

    b)  Use text structures to aid comprehension.

    c)  Identify an author’s organizational pattern using textual clues, such as transitional words and phrases.

    d)  Draw conclusions and make inferences on explicit and implied information.

    e)  Differentiate between fact and opinion.

    f)  Identify the source, viewpoint, and purpose of texts.

    g)  Describe how word choice and language structure convey an author’s viewpoint.

    h)  Identify the main idea.

    i)  Summarize text identifying supporting details.

    j)  Identify cause and effect relationships.

    k)  Organize and synthesize information for use in written formats.

    l)  Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.


    7.7  The student will write in a variety of forms with an emphasis on exposition, narration, and persuasion.

    a)  Identify intended audience.

    b)  Use a variety of prewriting strategies including graphic organizers to generate and organize ideas.

    c)  Organize writing structure to fit mode or topic.

    d)  Establish a central idea and organization.

    e)  Compose a topic sentence or thesis statement.

    f)  Write multi-paragraph compositions with unity elaborating the central idea.

    g)  Select vocabulary and information to enhance the central idea, tone, and voice.

    h)  Expand and embed ideas by using modifiers, standard coordination, and subordination in complete sentences.

    i)  Use clauses and phrases for sentence variety.

    j)  Revise sentences for clarity of content including specific vocabulary and information.

    k)  Use computer technology to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writing.


    7.8  The student will edit writing for correct grammar, capitalization, punctuation, spelling, sentence structure, and paragraphing.

    a)  Use a variety of graphic organizers, including sentence diagrams, to analyze and improve sentence formation and paragraph structure.

    b)  Choose appropriate adjectives and adverbs to enhance writing.

    c)  Use pronoun-antecedent agreement to include indefinite pronouns.

    d)  Use subject-verb agreement with intervening phrases and clauses.

    e)  Edit for verb tense consistency and point of view.

    f)  Demonstrate understanding of sentence formation by identifying the eight parts of speech and their functions in sentences.

    g)  Use quotation marks with dialogue.

    h)  Use correct spelling for commonly used words.


    7.9 The student will apply knowledge of appropriate reference materials to produce a research product.

    a)  Collect and organize information from multiple sources including online, print and media.

    b)  Evaluate the validity and authenticity of sources.

    c)  Use technology as a tool to research, organize, evaluate, and communicate information.

    d)  Cite primary and secondary sources.

    e)  Define the meaning and consequences of plagiarism and follow ethical and legal guidelines for gathering and using information.