• HighScope Preschool Curriculum Content
    Key Developmental Indicators (KDIs)
    Within HighScope's eight content areas, listed below, are 58 key developmental indicators (KDIs) that define important learning goals for young children.
    A. Approaches to Learning
    1. Initiative: Children demonstrate initiative as they explore their
    2. Planning: Children make plans and follow through on their
    3. Engagement: Children focus on activities that interest them.
    4. Problem solving: Children solve problems encountered in
    5. Use of resources: Children gather information and formulate
    ideas about their world.
    6. Reflection: Children reflect on their experiences.
    B. Social and Emotional Development
    7. Self-identity: Children have a positive self-identity.
    8. Sense of competence: Children feel they are competent.
    9. Emotions: Children recognize, label, and regulate their
    10. Empathy: Children demonstrate empathy toward others.
    11. Community: Children participate in the community of the
    12. Building relationships: Children build relationships with
    other children and adults.
    13. Cooperative play: Children engage in cooperative play.
    14. Moral development: Children develop an internal sense of
    right and wrong.
    15. Conflict resolution: Children resolve social conflicts.
    C. Physical Development and Health
    16. Gross-motor skills: Children demonstrate strength,
    flexibility, balance, and timing in using their large muscles.
    17. Fine-motor skills: Children demonstrate dexterity and handeye
    coordination in using their small muscles.
    18. Body awareness: Children know about their bodies and how
    to navigate them in space.
    19. Personal care: Children carry out personal care routines on
    their own.
    20. Healthy behavior: Children engage in healthy practices.
    D. Language, Literacy, and Communication
    21. Comprehension: Children understand language.
    22. Speaking: Children express themselves using language.
    23. Vocabulary: Children understand and use a variety of words
    and phrases.
    24. Phonological awareness: Children identify distinct sounds in
    spoken language.
    25. Alphabetic knowledge: Children identify letter names and
    their sounds.
    26. Reading: Children read for pleasure and information.
    27. Concepts about print: Children demonstrate knowledge
    about environmental print.
    28. Book knowledge: Children demonstrate knowledge about
    29. Writing: Children write for many different purposes.
    30. English language learning: (If applicable) Children use
    English and their home language(s) (including sign
    E. Mathematics
    31. Number words and symbols: Children recognize and use
    number words and symbols.
    32. Counting: Children count things.
    33. Part-whole relationships: Children combine and separate
    quantities of objects.
    34. Shapes: Children identify, name, and describe shapes.
    35. Spatial awareness: Children recognize spatial relationships
    among people and objects.
    36. Measuring: Children measure to describe, compare, and
    order things.
    37. Unit: Children understand and use the concept of unit.
    38. Patterns: Children identify, describe, copy, complete, and
    create patterns.
    39. Data analysis: Children use information about quantity to
    draw conclusions, make decisions, and solve problems.
    F. Creative Arts
    40. Art: Children express and represent what they observe, think,
    imagine, and feel through two- and three-dimensional art.
    41. Music: Children express and represent what they observe,
    think, imagine, and feel through music.
    42. Movement: Children express and represent what they
    observe, think, imagine, and feel through movement.
    43. Pretend play: Children express and represent what they
    observe, think, imagine, and feel through pretend play.
    44. Appreciating the arts: Children appreciate the creative arts.
    G. Science and Technology
    45. Observing: Children observe the materials and processes in
    their environment.
    46. Classifying: Children classify materials, actions, people, and
    47. Experimenting: Children experiment to test their ideas.
    48. Predicting: Children predict what they expect will happen.
    49. Drawing conclusions: Children draw conclusions based on
    their experiences and observations.
    50. Communicating ideas: Children communicate their ideas
    about the characteristics of things and how they work.
    51. Natural and physical world: Children gather knowledge
    about the natural and physical world.
    52. Tools and technology: Children explore and use tools and
    H. Social Studies
    53. Diversity: Children understand that people have diverse
    characteristics, interests, and abilities.
    54. Community roles: Children recognize that people have
    different roles and functions in the community.
    55. Decision making: Children participate in making classroom
    56. Geography: Children recognize and interpret features and
    locations in their environment.
    57. History: Children understand past, present, and future.
    58. Ecology: Children understand the importance of taking care
    of their environment.