• Mr. Kevin Lewis

    Band Director

    Link to Mr. Lewis's email:
     
    SCHOOL PHONE:  (276)632-7216
     
     

    Beginning Band Quiz Study Guide

    Basic Music Theory
    1.) Music staff: 5 lines and 4 spaces
    2.) Clef sign: Indicates note positions
    3.) Beat: pulse of the music
    4.) Time signature: How many beats per measure and what kind of note gets one beat 5.) Double bar: indicates the end of the song
    6.) Repeat sign: without stopping, play song again
    7.) Sharp: raises a note by a 1⁄2 step and remains in effect for the entire measure
    8.) Flat: lowers a note by a 1⁄2 step and remains in effect for the entire measure
    9.) Natural: cancels a flat or sharp and remains in effect for the entire measure
    10.) Duet: two parts played at the same time
    11.) Key signature: Tells us which notes to play flat or sharp
    12.) Harmony: two or more notes played together
    13.) Pick up notes: one or more notes that come before the first measure

    Rhythms (length of notes and rests)

    1. )  Whole note (w): 4 beats
    2. )  Whole rest ( ): 4 beats of silence
    3. )  Half note (h): 2 beats
    4. )  Half rest ( ): 2 beats of silence
    5. )  Dotted half note (h k): 3 beats
    6. )  Quarter note (q): 1 beat
    7. )  Quarter rest ( g): 1 beat of silence
    8. )  Single eighth note (e): 1⁄2 beat
    9. )  Eighth rest ( ): 1⁄2 beat of silence

    10)Pair of eighth notes ( ): total of 1 count
    11.) Multiple measure rest ( ): How many measures you rest in sequence.

    Dynamics (Loudness or softness of music located underneath the notes) 1.) Pianissimo (pp): very soft

    2.) Piano (p): soft
    3.) Mezzo piano (P ): moderately soft
    4.) Mezzo forte ( F): moderately loud
    5.) Forte ( f): loud
    6.) Fortissimo ( ff ): very loud
    7.) Fortepiano ( fp ): loud, then soft
    8.) Crescendo G : gradually playing louder

    9.) Decrescendo L : gradually playing softer 10.) Diminuendo: L : gradually playing softer

    11.) Subito Piano (sub. p): suddenly soft Articulations (located above or below the note head)

    1. )  Legato (--): smooth & connected
    2. )  Staccato (k ): short
    3. )  Accent (< or > or ^): emphasize
    4. )  Tenuto (--): to hold full value
    5. )  Sforzando (S): strong accent
    6. )  Tie ( ): Curved line connecting notes of the same pitch. Play one note for all notes

    tied.

    1. )  Slur ( ): Curved line connecting notes of different pitch. Tongue only the first note in a slur.

    Tempo (speed of music located above the staff at the beginning) 1.) Allegro: Fast tempo
    2.) Moderato: Medium tempo
    3.) Andante: slower walking tempo

    4.) Vivace: very fast
    5.) Largo: very slow
    6.) A tempo: return to tempo
    7.) Accelerando: gradually faster 8.) Allegretto: a little fast
    9.) Ritardando: gradually slower

    Italian musical terms & symbols

    1. )  1st & 2nd endings ( ): Play through the first ending. Then play the repeated section of music, skipping the 1st ending and playing the second ending.
    2. )  Fermata ( U): to hold
    3. )  Breath mark ( ,): take a full breath
    4. )  Theme: primary melody.
    5. )  Variations: altered versions of the theme
    6. )  D.C. (da capo): back to the beginning
    7. )  Fine: the end
    8. )  Phrase: musical sentence
    9. )  Scale: a sequence of notes in ascending and descending order.

    10.)Chord: two or more notes are played at the same time 11.)Arpeggio: broken chord (notes played one at a time) 12.)Soli: section plays
    13.) Solo: one player
    14.) Tutti: everyone plays